Development of Nanofibers Containing Rhodamine B as Colorimetric Chemosensor for Cu2+ Determination

Mathita Rompo, Sarayut Watchasit, Apichat Imyim, Chomchai Suksai

Abstract


In this work, a visual colorimetric sensor based on cellulose acetate nanofibers incorporated with rhodamine B hydrazone derivative L1  was successfully prepared via electrospinning technology. Morphology of the nanofibrous sensor was characterized by SEM, which showed that the uniform nanofibers having diameter of      92 ± 24 nm and formed a non-woven mat.   The prepared colorimetric nanofibers showed high sensitivity towards  Cu2+due to the color change from pale pink to intense pink which confirmed the formation of CuL1 complex ion in L1-CA nanofibers. Upon the optimal conditions of amount of L1 at 25 mg, pH solution at 5.0 and response time of 20 min, the detection limit for Cu2+ with L1-CA nanofibers was found to be 1.62  mg L-1.

 

Keywords :  nanofibers, cellulose acetate, copper(II)ion, rhodamine B, electrospinning


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