Effects of Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) Supplements on Growth Performance and Blood Chemical Profiles of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) at Different Stocking Density

Nantaporn Sutthi, Supranee Wigraiboon, Pantaporn Supakankul


Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) is a popular probiotic feed additive to promote the health of aquatic animals.  Effects of yeast supplements at 0.5% on growth performance and blood chemical profile of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) were studied at different densities 12, 18 and 24 fish/tank (218, 327 and 436 fish/m3) over 90 days. Results determined that yeast supplement had a significant effect on survival rate (P<0.05). Fish fed with 0.5% yeast and reared at a density of 24 fish/tank showed higher survival rate (85.53±2.31%) than the control group (no added yeast) (76.00±4.00%). For blood chemical profiles, levels of cortisol, blood glucose, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and malondialdehyde (MDA) of fish fed with yeast supplement and reared at a density of 24 fish/tank were significantly lower than the control group (P<0.05) at 16.39±2.27 µg/dL, 84.07±2.52 mg/dL, 65.67±2.52 unit/L, 28.33±3.11 unit/L and 78.45±7.46 µM/L, respectively. Thus, 0.5% yeast supplement added to the diet improved survival rate and blood chemical profiles of Nile tilapia despite crowding stress, suitable benefit at moderate densities 24 fish/tank.              

Keywords : Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Nile tilapia, growth performances, blood chemical profiles

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